India is home to some of the unique flora and fauna species which make wildlife sanctuaries in India a paradise for nature and wildlife lovers. India boasts a rich biodiversity, as the geography of the country is dotted with thick forests, serving as the habitat of a huge number of wildlife species.
1.Gir National Park
Gir is one of India’s oldest sanctuaries, and is synonymous with the majestic Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica). The only place in India to see this
animal, this park can take legitimate pride in saving an endangered species, which was at the threshold of extinction in the start of the twenty-first
century, by providing it a more secured habitat. Gir has a tropical monsoon climate, with three distinct seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. Late November to early March is cool and dry, followed by a hot dry summer. Mid-June to September is the monsoon period. The bulk of the precipitation is during July and August.
Best time to visit Gir Nantional Park.
The Lion sanctuary and reserve of Gir is closed from 16th June to 15th October every year. The best time to visit Gir comes between the months of December to March. Though, April and May are very hot but considered as the best months for wildlife viewing and photography.
2.Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary
Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary, in Maharasthra, forms the Northern part of Sahyadri Tiger Reserve. Covering an area of 424 sq. km. Surrounded by Koyana dam on Eastern and Western side, which is the central hydroelectric project in Maharashtra, the sanctuary looks spectacular. Also surrounding the sanctuary are the Western Ghats’ vertical slopes and Shivasagar reservoir.
Mammals: Bengal tigers, Indian leopards, Indian bison, sloth bears, sambar deer, barking deer, mouse deer, common Gray langurs, Smooth-coated otters and Indian Giant Squirrels are common
Birds: Heart-spotted Woodpecker, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Rufous Woodpecker, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Crested Goshawk Long-and tailed Nightjar
Reptiles: Indian pythons, King cobras, frog and Bufo koyanansi
What is the best time to visit Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary?
The best time to visit Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary is in the month of October as the temperature is predictable and pleasant unlike the months of April-
September which are hot and humid. The months from November to March are little too overcrowded.
3.Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is a unique protected area located in the rain shadow region in the eastern slope of Western Ghats, adjoining Tamilnadu. The area is diverse in eco systems and rich in ethnic cultural heritage. It is a well known repository of medicinal plants and supports a healthy population of grizzled giant squirrel, star tortoise, tufted grey langur, gaur, spotted deer, slender loris, wild elephant, crocodile, tiger, leopard and many a birds,
insects and plants. There is an Interpretation Centre at Karimutty, two eco shops, one each at Chinnar check post and Aalampetty, an amenity centre,
inspection bunglow, dormitory and cafeteria/at Chinnar check post to cater to the needs of visitors.
The best time for visiting the sanctuary is between the months of December-April. Flora & Fauna Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is enriched with a vast cover of vegetation that includes the thorny scrub forests, dry deciduous forest, wet grasslands and high sholas.
Attractions: River trekking, Trekking to the site of dolmenoids, Nature trail, Bird watching, Thoovanam Waterfalls, Medicinal Garden Tree house, Trekking, camping at Vysiappara, Watchtower at Jellimalai
4. Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
This park has been named after the popular wildlife story writer Jim Corbett. Beauty and wilderness of this park attracts enthusiasts from various parts of
the globe. This wildlife tourist destination of India has also been featured in many wildlife documentaries in order to raise the awareness towards the
mighty and stunning Bengal Tigers.
Among all the national parks in India, the Corbett National Park is the oldest and one of the best among the top 10 national parks in India. It was
established in 1936 to protect the imposing Bengal Tigers. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan range of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park is one of the hot spots of the wildlife lovers.
Attractions: Jungle Safari, Elephant Ride, River Rafting, Garjia Temple, Corbett Waterfall
5.Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
The Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan, is one of the royal national parks in India. It is ranked as one of the top 10 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
The majestic Tigers are the pride of this national park. Surrounded by the Banas and Chambal River, this park serves as an ideal habitat for the predators and other animals of this park. Leopard, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Sambar and Hyena are some of the major animals found in this park. Tiger Safaris are immensely popular among the visitors of Ranthambore National Park.
Attractions: Kachida Valley, Raj Bagh Ruins, Padam Talao, Ranthambore Fort
6. Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Kanha National Park is another sought after destination in the list of national parks of Madhya Pradesh. Established in the year 1955, this park has gained a lot of attention due to its efforts in saving the rare and almost extinct species of the Swamp Deer, also known as ‘Barasingha’. It is also one of the well- maintained parks in Asia.
The other feature of the Kanha National Park is its sunset point called Bamni Dadar. Almost the entire park can be seen from this point. It offers the most
eye-catching views of the animals in their natural habitat.
Animals: Tigers, Leopards, Foxes, Jackals, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, many Reptiles and around 300 birds Species.
7. Periyar National Park
The Periyar National Park, Kerala is the only national park in South India as well as in India that has an artificial lake flowing through the forests. Located on the evergreen hills of the Western Ghats, this wildlife sanctuary is also one of the Tiger Reserve Forests in India.
While boating in the Periyar Lake, visitors can behold the mighty beasts of this park, quenching their thirsts on the lakesides. Elephants, Deer, Nilgiri Tahrs and Langurs are the other attractions of this park. It is notable as an elephant reserve and a tiger reserve. Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (PNP) is a protected area near Thekkady in the district of Idukki, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta in Kerala, India.